The Dogs of War

A UT professor’s new documentary examines the bond between military working dogs and their handlers.

Radwan in Afganistan

Sergeant Marcin Radwin is on patrol in Zabul, Afghanistan. He and his dog, Dex, a lanky yellow labrador, walk together ahead of the armored vehicle carrying other soldiers. Dex’s job is to sniff out bombs hidden by the roadside—invisible threats that no human can detect. When Dex smells a bomb, he does what’s called a “stop and stare,” looking intently at the spot in question. Radwin relays the message to the unit.

“There’s not much between me and the enemy,” says Radwin, a quiet man with a shaved head and a scruffy blonde beard. “Dex and I are up front.”

On today’s patrol, a combat medic with a GoPro on his helmet walks alongside them. For a while, the only sound is the crunch of their boots on the dusty road. Then someone shouts “Taliban, Taliban!” and gunfire breaks out. Radwin immediately drops to the ground, pressing his body on top of Dex’s. As the gunshots get louder, the dog begins panting heavily, and Radwin wraps his arms around its head and forelegs. “Is he hit, is he hit?” the medic asks. After a tense moment, Radwin says, “No, he’s OK.”

dexIt’s a scene from the forthcoming documentary Canine Soldiers, produced and directed by UT Radio-Television-Film professor Nancy Schiesari. For the film, Schiesari—an Emmy-nominated documentarian who has worked for the BBC and National Geographic—followed Radwin and Dex from their training at Lackland Air Force Base and Fort Hood through deployment in Afghanistan and beyond. She and her production team—made up mostly of UT alumni and students—also spent hours filming other military dog handlers and their canine partners. As the first line of defense against improvised explosive devices (IEDs), they do some of the most dangerous work in the military, she says.

“I was really struck by the quality of person these handlers are,” Schiesari says. “We’re going to have a lot of stories coming back from Afghanistan and Iraq that are not pretty. But the dog handlers are truly noble. They’re saving lives.”

Canine Soldiers also includes UT experts like psychologist Sam Gosling, who has studied the social psychology of working dogs and their handlers, and evolutionary biologist Beth Dawson. Their research shows that while military dogs are chosen for their extraordinary sense of smell, their ability to connect with humans matters more. A dog will only perform if it wants to please its handler, so the success of a mission depends on the strength of their bond.

That bond didn’t come easily for Radwin and Dex. At first the dog ignored Radwin’s commands, but after months of training, they became inseparable, with Dex sleeping curled up next to Radwin’s bed every night of their deployment. “I get nervous when he disappears out of my sight,” Radwin says in the film. “It’s almost like having your child with you.”

Ultimately, though, the military views the dogs as equipment. That means that after a deployment, the dog is returned to the base to be matched with a new handler, adopted by a family, or in a few cases, euthanized. Canine Soldiers explores that separation, which can be agonizing for both the handler and the dog. Many military dogs suffer from canine post-traumatic stress disorder.

Schiesari and her team are still finishing the film, which will be distributed by KLRU. They hope to complete it by June, but they’re still working to raise an additional $80,000 to pay for filming and editing.

“It was amazing to realize how dogs have allowed us to get ahead as a species,” Schiesari says. “We depend on them. It’s a humbling thing for humans to realize that we’re not top dog in everything.”

Sgt. Marcin Radwin with a mine-detection dog (top) and with Dex (inset). Photos courtesy Nancy Schiesari.

 

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